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m_shige1979のささやかな抵抗と欲望の日々

プログラムの勉強をしながら学習したことや経験したことをぼそぼそと書いていきます

なんとなく作ったサイト

http://www.it-check-matome.info/


Github(注意すること)

https://github.com/mshige1979

cakephp3でjsonとかxmlとかを使う

jsonを使ったデータを使ってみたいけどなんかうまくいかない

英語のマニュアルを見て頑張った

バージョン

cakephp3.0.8

実装

config/routes.php
<?php
/**
 * Routes configuration
 *
 * In this file, you set up routes to your controllers and their actions.
 * Routes are very important mechanism that allows you to freely connect
 * different URLs to chosen controllers and their actions (functions).
 *
 * CakePHP(tm) : Rapid Development Framework (http://cakephp.org)
 * Copyright (c) Cake Software Foundation, Inc. (http://cakefoundation.org)
 *
 * Licensed under The MIT License
 * For full copyright and license information, please see the LICENSE.txt
 * Redistributions of files must retain the above copyright notice.
 *
 * @copyright     Copyright (c) Cake Software Foundation, Inc. (http://cakefoundation.org)
 * @link          http://cakephp.org CakePHP(tm) Project
 * @license       http://www.opensource.org/licenses/mit-license.php MIT License
 */

use Cake\Core\Plugin;
use Cake\Routing\Router;

/**
 * The default class to use for all routes
 *
 * The following route classes are supplied with CakePHP and are appropriate
 * to set as the default:
 *
 * - Route
 * - InflectedRoute
 * - DashedRoute
 *
 * If no call is made to `Router::defaultRouteClass`, the class used is
 * `Route` (`Cake\Routing\Route\Route`)
 *
 * Note that `Route` does not do any inflections on URLs which will result in
 * inconsistently cased URLs when used with `:plugin`, `:controller` and
 * `:action` markers.
 *
 */
Router::defaultRouteClass('Route');
Router::extensions(['json', 'xml']);

Router::scope('/', function ($routes) {
    /**
     * Here, we are connecting '/' (base path) to a controller called 'Pages',
     * its action called 'display', and we pass a param to select the view file
     * to use (in this case, src/Template/Pages/home.ctp)...
     */
    $routes->connect('/', ['controller' => 'Pages', 'action' => 'display', 'home']);

    /**
     * ...and connect the rest of 'Pages' controller's URLs.
     */
    $routes->connect('/pages/*', ['controller' => 'Pages', 'action' => 'display']);

    /**
     * Connect catchall routes for all controllers.
     *
     * Using the argument `InflectedRoute`, the `fallbacks` method is a shortcut for
     *    `$routes->connect('/:controller', ['action' => 'index'], ['routeClass' => 'InflectedRoute']);`
     *    `$routes->connect('/:controller/:action/*', [], ['routeClass' => 'InflectedRoute']);`
     *
     * Any route class can be used with this method, such as:
     * - DashedRoute
     * - InflectedRoute
     * - Route
     * - Or your own route class
     *
     * You can remove these routes once you've connected the
     * routes you want in your application.
     */
    $routes->fallbacks('InflectedRoute');

});

/**
 * Load all plugin routes.  See the Plugin documentation on
 * how to customize the loading of plugin routes.
 */
Plugin::routes();

※「Router::extensions(['json', 'xml']);」を追加する

src/Controller/AppController.php
<?php
/**
 * CakePHP(tm) : Rapid Development Framework (http://cakephp.org)
 * Copyright (c) Cake Software Foundation, Inc. (http://cakefoundation.org)
 *
 * Licensed under The MIT License
 * For full copyright and license information, please see the LICENSE.txt
 * Redistributions of files must retain the above copyright notice.
 *
 * @copyright Copyright (c) Cake Software Foundation, Inc. (http://cakefoundation.org)
 * @link      http://cakephp.org CakePHP(tm) Project
 * @since     0.2.9
 * @license   http://www.opensource.org/licenses/mit-license.php MIT License
 */
namespace App\Controller;

use Cake\Controller\Controller;

/**
 * Application Controller
 *
 * Add your application-wide methods in the class below, your controllers
 * will inherit them.
 *
 * @link http://book.cakephp.org/3.0/en/controllers.html#the-app-controller
 */
class AppController extends Controller
{

    /**
     * Initialization hook method.
     *
     * Use this method to add common initialization code like loading components.
     *
     * @return void
     */
    public function initialize()
    {
        parent::initialize();
        $this->loadComponent('Flash');
        $this->loadComponent('RequestHandler');

    }

}

※「$this->loadComponent('RequestHandler');」を追加
※AppControllerでなくても各コントローラーのinitializeに実装すればよい

独自のコントローラー
<?php
/**
 * CakePHP(tm) : Rapid Development Framework (http://cakephp.org)
 * Copyright (c) Cake Software Foundation, Inc. (http://cakefoundation.org)
 *
 * Licensed under The MIT License
 * For full copyright and license information, please see the LICENSE.txt
 * Redistributions of files must retain the above copyright notice.
 *
 * @copyright Copyright (c) Cake Software Foundation, Inc. (http://cakefoundation.org)
 * @link      http://cakephp.org CakePHP(tm) Project
 * @since     0.2.9
 * @license   http://www.opensource.org/licenses/mit-license.php MIT License
 */
namespace App\Controller;

use Cake\Core\Configure;
use Cake\Network\Exception\NotFoundException;
use Cake\View\Exception\MissingTemplateException;

/**
 * Static content controller
 *
 * This controller will render views from Template/Pages/
 *
 * @link http://book.cakephp.org/3.0/en/controllers/pages-controller.html
 */
class SamplesController extends AppController
{

    public function test(){

        $data = [
            "aaa" => [111, 222, 333],
            "bbb" => [
                "ccc1" => 10,
                "ccc2" => [
                    "aaa",
                    "bbb",
                    "ccc",
                ],
            ],
        ];

        $this->set([
            'data' => $data,
            '_serialize' => ['data']
        ]);
    }

}

jsonを意識しているのでこんな感じのショボイデータ

実行

xml

f:id:m_shige1979:20150704141436p:plain

XMLでアブソリュート?とかきちんとしたい場合は別の方法で送信したほうがいいかも…

このへんは重要

  1. Router::extensions(['json', 'xml']);
  2. $this->loadComponent('RequestHandler');
  3. Templateディレクトリにビューファイルを作成しなくても良い

所感

メソッド結構変わっているので戸惑いを隠せない
ある程度は同じやつが良かった
jsonpとか動かせるかはこの際無視しよう
とりあえず、これでajaxなどでの通信を使えるようになるはず

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